There are a lot of new words to learn, including some that are deliberately devised to confuse you!
An Electric car is powered exclusively from the battery which is charged at home or many other locations. In USA Electric car includes Hybrids, so the use the term Battery Electric car instead.
Self-charging is actually impossible! It’s just a Hybrid, i.e. running on petrol, but the wheels are driven by a motor. The battery is charged using Regenerative braking.
A Plug-in Hybrid is a Hybrid, which can be charged as an alternative to petrol. Electricity for local usage but Petrol to save charging on long journeys.
Regenerative braking, as used by all Electric cars, charges the battery instead of wearing down the brake pads.
BEV – Battery Electric Vehicle – American term for Electric Vehicle as, confusingly, they often call Hybrid’s Electric Vehicles too.
ICE – Internal Combustion Engine, i.e. Petrol or Diesel.
EVSE (Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment) – American term for Charge point
CHAdeMO is the charger to vehicle protocol and plug / socket arrangement which is massive in China and Japan, but being phased out in Europe.
Preconditioning is heating the vehicle and battery before leaving home or destination charger.
Grid balancing – Demand on the Grid varies dramatically during 24 hour periods but must be kept stable. Hence the need for Grid balancing, i.e. minimising demand in the early evening and increasing it in the early hours.